Disclosure and Resolution of Conflict for Individuals in Control of CME Content     

The global, social, and political climate expects companies, their officers and staff, to reveal potential affiliations, relationships and investments that might impact their ability to do their work without bias or prejudice.  In the development of education, Pfiedler Enterprises has a corporate commitment to illuminating possible bias and conflicts of interest, then mitigating and/or managing the conflict with conscious attention, review, and public notice.  


Rationale & Purpose                                                                                                         

Pfiedler Enterprises, in order to comply with the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) Standards for Commercial Support: Standards to Ensure Independence in CME Activities, seeks to ensure the disclosure and resolution of conflict for those who have control over development of CME content. The purpose of this policy is to achieve objectivity, balance and scientific rigor in every continuing medical education (CME) activity sponsored by Pfiedler Enterprises.


Who Must Disclose

Individuals who are in a position to control the content of a CME activity will disclose to learners all relevant financial relationships with commercial entities. Individuals who may control content include the Director of Education, program managers, planning committee members of an individual activity, and the Pfiedler Enterprises’ CME Advisory Committee.


What Information & Where Provided to Learners 

The data provided to learners will include: 1) the name of the individual, 2) the name of the commercial interest(s), and 3) the nature of the relationship the individual has with the commercial interest. This information will be provided on the Pfiedler Enterprises' website, and in the course syllabus or enduring material. Publicity materials will contain a statement indicating the website location for this data.

Use of Disclosures and Resolution of Identified Conflicts

Pfiedler Enterprises has a policy and procedure in place which requires the disclosure of all individuals in a position to control or develop content. This information is then used to identify potential conflicts and resolve them. Additional policy information is available by request.


Pfiedler Enterprises' Staff

For disclosure information of planning committee members for a specific CME activity, please refer to that syllabus or enduring material. Should you wish to view this information prior to the date of the event and distribution of the syllabus, please contact the Pfiedler Enterprises office at 720.748.6144.


Program and Activity Developers

Judith I. Pfister, RN, MBA
Pfiedler Enterprises
Aurora, Colorado
Commercial Interests: Pfiedler Enterprises receives grant funds from commercial supporters.

Ms. Pfister holds a BS in nursing and biology from Aurora University in Illinois and an MBA from the University of Phoenix. She is the co-owner of Pfiedler Enterprises and is responsible for administration and marketing functions. She leads the team that creates the Annual AORN Surgical Conference & Expo exhibit floor education, which offers over fifty individual activities for five-thousand nurses and professionals.  Judy is skilled in script writing and video production, as well as developing and implementing continuing education activities.  Ms. Pfister has served as an educator and consultant for healthcare professionals and hospitals. Her nursing background is in the area of perioperative nursing, where she filled positions ranging from staff nurse to Assistant Director of Nursing/Operating Rooms. Her previous employment with the Association of periOperative Registered Nurses (AORN), provided experience in association management and education of the perioperative nurse. Judy was the co-author of the textbook, “The Nursing Spectrum of Lasers” which focused on laser therapies. She also edited a news letter on lasers. Judy is a member of ANA, AORN, Sigma Theta Tau and holds an Honorary Certificate for Nursing Practice in the Operating Room.

Julia A. Kneedler, RN, EdD
Pfiedler Enterprises
Aurora, Colorado
Commercial Interests: Pfiedler Enterprises receives grant funds from commercial supporters.

Dr. Kneedler holds a Doctorate of Continuing Education from the University of Northern Colorado, a Master of Science Degree from Loma Linda University, and a Bachelor of Science Degree from Walla Walla College, Washington. Julia is a co-owner, CEO and CFO of Pfiedler Enterprises.  Her responsibilities include corporate oversight of the educational programs and finances, including individual activity/project budgets. Dr. Kneedler’s previous employment was with the Association of periOperative Registered Nurses (AORN), where she was responsible for developing and implementing educational activities for World Conference, Annual Congress and other events.  Prior to this she was the Director of Operating Room at Porter Memorial Hospital in Denver, worked at Loma Linda Medical Center, and began her career in the operating room at Greater Bakersfield Memorial Hospital. She is co-author of the textbook entitled, "Perioperative Patient Care - The Nursing Perspective" and has authored and co-authored many books and manuals published by AORN.  She is a member of ANA, AORN, Sigma Theta Tau and the Alliance for Continuing Medical Education (ACME). Among her many achievements is the AORN Award for Excellence received in 1996.

Sharon Sky, PhD
Director of Education
Pfiedler Enterprises
Aurora, Colorado
Commercial interests: none

Ms. Sky earned a Doctorate in Public Health and Holistic Healing, a Master’s Degree in Health Professions Education, and was a certified medical technologist and specialist in hematology.  Her academic degrees are from the American Institute of Holistic Theology, the University of Illinois and Michigan State University.  At Pfiedler Enterprises, she cultivates vision for and manages the Continuing Education Programs.  Sharon is responsible for accreditation and compliance, policies and procedures, the function of Advisory Committees, annual Program Review, and staff education to ensure implementation of operational processes.  She also develops courses, negotiates agreements with vendors and facilities, and assists with budget development and reconciliation.  Previous experience includes planning continuing education for surveyors at the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO), and serving as hematology faculty in a Laboratory Sciences baccalaureate program in Chicago.  Sharon also worked as a medical technologist and EKG technician at major metropolitan hospitals.


Pfiedler Enterprises' CME Advisory Commitee

Susan Estes, FNP
Instructor, Orthopedics
University of Colorado Hospital, Aurora
Travis E. Hasler, MA
Health Systems Manager, Hospitals
American Cancer Society
Board Chair, Women’s Global
Empowerment Fund (WGEF)
Notes: Rural Health Consultant, Uganda, Peace Corps
Mara Mindy Isser Sax, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine
School of Medicine
University of Colorado Denver –
Anschutz Medical Campus
Vikas V. Patel MD, MA, BSME
Chief of Orthopedic Spine Surgery
& Fellowship Director 
University of Colorado, Denver